COMPOSITE MATERIALS BASED ON ALICYCLIC COPOLYIMIDE AND ACRYLIC ACID COPOLYMER WITH ACRYLAMIDE
Keywords:copolyimides, alicyclic dianhydride, aromatic dianhydride, copolymer of acrylic acid and acrylamide, composite films, properties
Introduction. Progress in polymer materials science is mainly associated with the development of new composite materials, created by the introduction of modifying additives into the matrix polymer which which improve polymer characteristics due to their properties. The purpose of this work is to obtain composite materials with improved thermal and mechanical properties from copolyimide based on dianhydrides of tricyclotetracarboxylic and diphenyloxydtetracarboxylic acids with diaminodiphenyl ether modified by a copolymer of acrylic acid with acrylamide. Results and discussion. Polymer compositions of copolyimides of arylalycyclic structure in combination with acrylic acid copolymer and acrylamide, as well as composite materials (film) based on them, were obtained. It was found that with an increase in the content of the added component from 0.35 to 2.0 wt%, uniformity is maintained in the polymer mixture. The infrared (IR) spectroscopy method shows that during formation of the above polymer mixtures the interaction of functional groups of the polymers under study with the formation of hydrogen bonds, which determine the homogeneity of the mixture. By methods of thermogravimetry and stretching of the sample with a constant deformation rate were used to determine, respectively, the thermal resistance and mechanical properties of the developed composite films. The increase of thermal resistance and strength of the film is explained by the formation of partial intermolecular cross-linking between the components of the mixture and the elasticity of the material – with the plasticizing effect of the additive. Conclusion. Polymer mixtures were obtained and composite films were molded on their basis.