THE ECOLOGICAL CONDITION OF THE GEOSYTEMS OF THE LAKE ALAKOL
pdf (Русский)

Keywords

geoecological assessment
recreational services
hydromorphological parameters
natural resource
Expeditionary research
physico-chemical research

Abstract

The water management Basin is a geoecological system, the core of which is rivers, and the connecting elements are waste water. Therefore, it is very important to study and recognize not only the Basic Laws of the functioning of this geosystem, but also the processes that ensure its Sustainable Development and dynamics of evolution and allow us to develop reliable and at the same time safe water use management methods for Natural Resources.

The article considers the geoecological situation of the Alakol watershed. Physical and chemical studies of the Alakol Basin, the lake system located on the territory of two administrative districts of East Kazakhstan region and Alakol District of Almaty region were carried out according to St RK 1432-2005. Territorial recreational systems located on the shores of the lake near the villages of Akshi, Koktuma, Kabanbai, Koktal are subject to the greatest anthropogenic impact in the process of recreational use, so the basis of our research is an assessment of their geoecological state.

According to the results of research in the waters of the Alakol water reservoir on hydromorphological parameters, a large number of dangerous pollutants, including compounds of heavy metals, pesticides, ammonia, ammonium, ammonium, ammonium, ammonium. Based on this analysis, it is possible to determine the specifics of the formation of the level of contamination in the basin of Lake Alakol, as well as to compare the level of contamination and classify the range of concentrations of the element under study. This, in turn, will allow the public to assess the level of pollution of water resources and adopt appropriate solutions.

REFERENCES

[1] Tyumenev S. D. Water resources and water supply in the territory of Kazakhstan. - 2008. - B. 36-37

[2] Erdavletov S., Aktymbayeva A. Alakol lake as natural-recourse subsystem of local tourist-territorial recreational subsystem of Alakol basin / / International proceeding of chemical, biological and environmental engineering. - Bangkok, 2012. - Vol. 46. - p. 80-86.

[3] Smolyar V. A., Burov B. V., Mustafayev S. T. T. 8. Underground water resources of Kazakhstan / Water resources of Kazakhstan: assessment, forecast, management (30-volume monograph). - Almaty, 2012.

[4] Tyumenev S. D. Water resources and water supply in the territory of Kazakhstan. - 2008. - B. 47

[5] Dzhanaleeva K. M., MukaevZh. T. Geoecological assessment of recreational water use of Lake Alakol / / Hydrometeorology and Ecology. – 2015. – №1

[6] National Atlas of the Republic of Kazakhstan: in 3 volumes / ed. by A. R. Medeu. Almaty, 2010 B. 164

[7] ST RK 1432-2005 " Drinking water, packaged in containers, including natural mineral and drinking canteens. General technical conditions" // https://online.zakon.kz/

[8] On approval of the Rules for Sampling of Transported Objects and Biological Material. Order of the Minister of Agriculture of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated April 30, 2015 No. 7-1 / 393. Registered in the Ministry of Justice of the Republic of Kazakhstan on July 9, 2015 No. 11618.

[9] Newsletter on the state of the environment of the Balkash lake basin for 2014 / RSE "Kazhydromet". - Almaty, 2014. - 20 p.

pdf (Русский)